macOS Ventura VM with USB audio passthrough

…on Arch Linux.

  1. OneClick macOS Simple KVM
    (based on foxlet/macOS-Simple-KVM)

    1. git clone
    2. Follow their setup docs, recommended: Manual Method. Jist:
      1. ./ # pick Ventura
      2. qemu-img convert BaseSystem.dmg -O raw BaseSystem.img
      3. qemu-img create -f qcow2 macOS.qcow2 64G
      4. copy/change look for $VMDIR and $OVMF and make sure they point to the correct paths/files.
      5. run your
      6. run Disk Utility, Erase that ~64GB disk, name it something useful
      7. run Installer
      8. several reboots during install, pick the Install volume when that happens, until our volume pops up
  2. give us USB permissions: chown -R myuser /dev/bus/usb
    TODO: find a better permanent solution
  3. Connect QEMU Monitor
    1. telnet 5801 (see port in
    2. info usb, then info usbhost
  4. Add USB device. See QEMU docs and Arch QEMU wiki: Pass through host USB device
    1. get vendorid+productid from lsusb or info usbhost, e.g.:
      Bus 2, Addr 64, Port 3.4.2, Speed 480 Mb/s
      Class ef: USB device 1397:0509, UMC404HD 192k
    2. Add a line to, before MOREARGS:
      -device usb-ehci,id=ehci -device usb-host,bus=ehci.0,vendorid=0x1397,productid=0x0509,id=behringer \
  5. Check
    1. in QEMU Monitor
    2. in macOS System Report › Hardware/USB + Hardware/Audio
    3. macOS System Settings › Sound › Output & Input


  • what happens if the device doesn’t exist
  • the Behringer sounds terribly datamoshed

invoke oomkiller via SysRq on Arch Linux on a Thinkpad T450s

Note: I have Ctrl/Fn swapped via bios.
Prerequisite: SysRq has to be enabled:

sysctl kernel.sysrq=1


  1. Hold Fn+Ctrl+Alt+S
  2. Release all but Alt, keep holding Alt
  3. now we’re effectively in Alt+SysRq+…, and can hit the final key for magic function:
    b = reboot
    e = terminate all processes
    i = kill all processes
    h = dump help to kernel log, and finally:
    f = invoke OOM killer


  • run a dmesg -w, watch what happens, especially with h
  • xev should report Sys_Req after Fn+Ctrl+Alt+S, among all the modifiers

Make persistent

# /etc/systemd/sysrq.service
Description=Enable SysRq key

ExecStart=sysctl kernel.sysrq=1


systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable sysrq.service

“Horrible edge cases to consider when dealing with music”

From jvoisin (CC BY-SA)

Some artists will benchmark your utf8 support [and beyond]:
[…] Magma and their Kobaïan made-up language featuring some custom diacritics that don’t exist in utf8.

Of course, see also the famous Falsehoods Programmers Believe About Names.
This also reminds me that on BC BY-NC-SA I’ve noticed how bad Bandcamps slugify is: 無​限​大 becomes –14 (the 14 is just an anti-hash-collision counter, I believe)

3D modelling at 19th Unnamed Cave: photogrammetry archaeology (Paper)

Three images: Left: photography of a stone in a cave, presumably. There are very faint marks. Right: a drawing of a humanoid figure. Center: both overlaid, now you can see how the faint markings maybe, somehow could be identified, but probably not.

Impressive use of photogrammetry:

Most surprisingly, the cave’s ceiling features very large anthropomorphic glyphs that are not apparent in situ due to the tight confines of the cave. We argue that photogrammetry offers untapped potential for not simply the documentation but also the discovery of a variety of archaeological phenomena.

Jan F. Simek, Stephen Alvarez and Alan Cressler, Cambridge University Press. Image (from there): Anthropomorph in regalia (1.81m tall) from 19th Unnamed Cave, Alabama (photograph by S. Alvarez; illustration by J. Simek).